DATA ETHICS: NEW CHALLENGES FOR AN OLD PROBLEM

  • : Carnegie Mellon University
  • : 02/06/2021
  • Is it right to warn people when an algorithm predicts they are likely to commit a crime? Should the use of a facial recognition artificial intelligence tool that identifies people as gay be banned? Is it right for a visa application screening tool to be used before it can be certified as not containing racial bias?

    Should children be removed from families when a data analytics tool suggests they are at risk of suffering abuse and neglect even though they have not suffered yet? What notice should a judge take of a machine prediction that someone will offend while on bail, even when their gut instinct tells her that he will not?

    Welcome to the challenges of use of data analytics applications by governments. Dr. Nicholas Agar, an internationally renowned data ethicist from Victoria University has joined forces with one of the world’s leading universities, to design an intensive program on data ethics and algorithmic governance.

    Dr. Agar said, “Public officials need to work from a robust data ethics model if they’re to properly support their elected leaders through the Fourth Industrial Revolution. Working with Carnegie Mellon University Australia, we have designed an executive education program that injects discipline into the thought processes needed for ethical use of such tools. I’m delighted that Dr. Craig Jones, Stats NZ Deputy Chief Executive for Data System Leadership has agreed to speak at the program.”

    Governments’ experience with their use of data analytics tools so far has had mixed results. There have been many successes, but the number of failures is growing rapidly. One tool used to detect welfare fraud has brought down the Dutch Government while another similar tool has cost the Australian Government over $1 billion in compensation payments and extracted an apology from Prime Minister Morrison.

    Other failures have occurred in areas as diverse as storing medical records through to predictive exam results for school-leavers and predictive land-use planning tools.

    “Some of these have failed because of ethical shortcomings while others have suffered from democratic deficits. Technical inadequacy has been the least important factor explain the failures. But this also requires officials to also develop deeper understanding of both the methods and their applications,” Dr. Agar said.

    The course gives participants hands-on experience with data analytics and data visualization tools applied to actual datasets to bring them close to the techniques and the issues associated with using them.

    Guided by scholars and practitioners of policy, analytics and ethics, participants will develop their own robust framework for making ethical assessments. The course draws heavily upon New Zealand’s own experiences before concluding with a special session on balancing Noa (benefits and opportunities) against Tapu (sensitivities and risks).

    Applications for Data Ethics and Algorithmic Government executive program close on June 11.


    ABOUT CARNEGIE MELLON UNIVERSITY-AUSTRALIA

    At the invitation of the South Australian Government, CMU opened its Australian campus in Adelaide in 2006. Located in the historical International University Precinct in the heritage-listed Torrens Building in Victoria Square, CMU was the first international university to be established in Australia. Our Australian campus marks CMU’s presence in the Asia and Pacific region, making it a vital partner to the CMU extension campuses in Silicon Valley, Rwanda, and Qatar.

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  • : Angelo Beltran
  • : Digital Marketing and Social Media Administrator
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  • : https://www.australia.cmu.edu
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NEW AUCKLAND RIDESHARE LAUNCHES WITH $1 FARES

  • : Liftango
  • : 25/11/2020
  • Savvy Aucklanders will be able to score $1 rides on New Zealand’s newest on-demand service, MyMobigo, ahead of the service officially launching on 30 November.

    MyMobigo offers commuters in East Auckland a regular on-demand service to and from the Half Moon Bay Ferry Terminal, ensuring a smooth connection to ferry services.

    Greg Pollock, Transdev’s Managing Director for New Zealand, said the new app-based service would provide a quick, convenient and friendly option for people to connect to ferry services 7 days per week.

    “We are excited to be bringing this new on-demand service to Auckland,” Mr Pollock said.

    “MyMobigo combines state-of-the-art technology with a friendly and professional service, taking the hassle out of needing to find a park at the Ferry Terminal. Best of all, it is for less than the price of your morning coffee.

    “The service is incredibly easy to use and puts the customer in control, with bookings, payments and real-time vehicle tracking available through the MyMobigo app.”

    One dollar fares will be offered to customers signed up to the service to use in the first week of operation, with regular fares starting at $4.50 for adults and $3.50 for concession card holders and children.  The service is being delivered by Howick and Eastern, a subsidiary of Transdev, in partnership with on-demand shared transport provider Liftango.

    Sheryll Otway, General Manager for Howick and Eastern, said MyMobigo’s fleet of luxury vans provided a connection for customers to and from the Half Moon Bay Ferry Terminal.

    “Our drivers have a comprehensive knowledge of the local area and will do whatever they can to provide customers with a seamless experience,” Ms Otway said.

    “Customers can expect a comfy and hassle-free ride, with MyMobigo’s fleet comprising of new, modern and luxurious vehicles, equipped with USB charging and complimentary WIFI.”

    Kevin Orr, CEO of Liftango, the company powering the next generation transport platform, said he was excited to be partnering with Transdev to bring new on-demand services to Auckland.

    “Demand responsive transport is helping to reshape how public transport services are delivered, providing customers with the control over their journey right in the palm of their hand,” Mr Orr said.

    Bookings can be 24/7 using the MyMobigo smartphone app. For more information visit www.mymobigo.co.nz.

     

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    About Transdev:

    At Transdev, we believe public transport plays an important part in how a city comes to life. Our day to day work influences our families, friends and future generations where they live, work and play. In Australasia, which covers Australia and New Zealand, we have 6,170 people who are passionate about operating our 2,010 vehicles and vessels which deliver more than 160 million customer journeys each year.

    Greg Pollock is the Managing Director of New Zealand for Transdev Australasia.

    About Howick & Eastern:

    Howick & Eastern Buses is an urban bus operator in Auckland, with a fleet of 145 buses and runs 23 routes under contract to Auckland Transport. Throughout its long history the company has remained a leader in customer-centric innovation, introducing New Zealand’s first motorized bus in 1906.

    Howick & Eastern joined the Transdev family in August 2019.

    About Liftango:

    At Liftango, we believe access to transportation is a fundamental right for people in modern society. By creating better access to personalised transport through a single technology platform we enable organisations to manage and optimise vehicle movements in a more sustainable way. The result is a climate-positive, convenient & affordable demand-responsive transport system that provides better coverage and caters for all members of society. For more information visit liftango.com.

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  • : Dom Costello
  • : Corporate Affairs Manager
  • : dom.costello@transdev.com.au
  • : 61428957214

Precision Driven Health partners with MoleMap in AI project to improve skin cancer detection

  • : Precision Driven Health
  • : 18/11/2019
  • Precision Driven Health (PDH), New Zealand’s leading health data research initiative, has today announced it is working with MoleMap on its use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) to improve the early detection of skin cancer.

    PDH Chief Executive Dr Kevin Ross says the $2 million research project will enhance the AI algorithm that MoleMap has developed to differentiate cancerous skin lesions from benign lesions.

    “Every year nearly 400 New Zealanders die from skin cancer and studies indicate that early detection could have greatly improved the chance of survival in the majority of cases,” Dr Ross says.

    “This project has the potential to increase access to skin checks by extending the technology for use at the primary care and general practitioner level, and thereby enabling more New Zealanders access to early detection for skin cancer.”

    MoleMap Chief Technology Officer Adrian Bowling says the PDH partnership builds on initial research developed with IBM Research in Melbourne on a small subset of data.

    “The partnership with PDH will provide us with access to a larger, wider set of data as we continue to work with experts at the University of Otago in Dunedin, and Monash University in Melbourne, to enhance this ground-breaking technology,” Mr Bowling says.

    Computer-based systems for recognising malignant moles have been developed over the past 20 years but have had limited uptake. With the advent of AI, combined with large databases and “deep learning” algorithms, new opportunities for the use of these technologies can be explored.

    “Published studies and our own research suggest that it is possible for a system-based AI to be at least as good as dermatologists in differentiating cancerous lesions from benign lesions,” Mr Bowling says.

    The research project will include clinical trials in New Zealand and Australia once the algorithm has been enhanced. As essential part of the research is to ensure that the unique population of Aotearoa is taken into account and all skin types will be tested.

    Dr Ross says that, as with all PDH projects, a key focus is applying new techniques in data science to advance Māori health outcomes.

    “Māori do not have a high incidence of melanoma; however, there is a high mortality rate for those who have melanoma. This has generally been seen as a result of Māori, like many other New Zealanders, presenting with later stage melanoma when it is difficult to cure. Being able to better detect melanoma in Māori could help decrease this mortality risk and save lives.”

    For more information and/or an interview with Dr Kevin Ross, contact:

    Nicole Gray
    Communications Specialist
    nicole@precisiondrivenhealth.com

    About Precision Driven Health
    The Precision Driven Health partnership (PDH), established in March 2016, is one of the most ambitious data science research initiatives to be undertaken in New Zealand. The partnership unites the health IT sector with health providers and universities to create health and commercial opportunities for New Zealanders. Research is focused on applying new data science techniques to understand the massive volume of data about an individual captured by health information systems, consumer devices, social networks, genetic testing, and other sources. Visit our website precisiondrivenhealth.com.

    About MoleMap
    MoleMap’s team of leading dermatologists and melanographers have been detecting and diagnosing melanoma for over two decades, using a unique skin mapping system that’s designed to track changes in the skin over time. MoleMap has over 40 clinics around New Zealand serving over 250,000 patients nationwide. Visit our website www.molemap.co.nz.

  • : Nicole Gray
  • : Communications Specialist
  • : nicole@precisiondrivenhealth.com
  • : 0276177235
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